Conservation: Black cottonwood is a very fast-growing and potentially large tree, easy to establish, and useful for shade and ornament. Tolerates moisture. USDA PLANTS Database. The wood is also used for fuel. Brayshaw â black cottonwood Subordinate Taxa. The tree develops a straight cylindrical trunk with a narrow crown. Black Cottonwood (nekwânikwâaz) This is our largest native broadleaf tree, growing to heights of 24 to 38 meters. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Small native tree or large shrub growing to 45 ft. tall and 15-25 ft. wide. trichocarpa. Populus is the Latin name for poplar; balsamifera (“balsam-bearing”) refers to the resinous substance in the buds of the tree, thought to resemble balsam. Males are green to red, females are green/pale yellow. Bark: Mature bark is brown and rugged and looks similar to Douglas-fir’s bark. Black Cottonwood Forest â Portland Walking among forests of giant cottonwoods or any gigantic trees is a humbling and profound experience. Black Cottonwood contains a large amount of rooting hormone, just like willows, so it is useful for plant propagation. Black Cottonwood Tree Identification. Also like willows, leaf buds contain salicin which is a powerful anti-inflamatory and pain-reducer. Black cottonwood catkins. Photo by Linda Swartz. Prunus virginiana Chokecherry. trichocarpa range map. Named after 19th century American explorer John C. Fremont, it is similar to the Eastern Cottonwood, differing mainly in the leaves having fewer, larger serrations on the leaf edge and small â¦ Left to right: Mostly certain these are Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) leaves from along the middle Missouri River (South Dakota? The following points should help you to identify a black cottonwood. Trichocarpa means “hairy-fruited,” referring to the cottony fluff that helps disperse the minute seeds for long distances. Ethnobotany Black cottonwood resin has disinfectant properties and has been used by Coast Salish people for sore throats and coughs as well as being applied directly to wounds to prevent infection. Color/Appearance: Often completely black, with little or no discernible grain. Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (POBA2) & Gray ex Hook.) US Forest Service, FM-RM-VE Can be used at a 10 â 25% dilution with other carrier oils such as jojoba or other herbal... Continue Reading Washington DC 20250-1103, Pollinator-Friendly Best Management Practices, Native Plant Material Accomplishment Reports, Fading Gold: The Decline of Aspen in the West, Wildflowers, Part of the Pagentry of Fall Colors, Tall Forb Community of the Intermountain West, Strategic Planning, Budget And Accountability, Recreation, Heritage And Volunteer Resources, Watershed, Fish, Wildlife, Air And Rare Plants. Traditional Uses of Cottonwood While most herbalists are using cottonwood buds to relieve inflammation, pain, and as an antimicrobial, there are many additional â¦ During the late spring, seeds are released in the wind with fine hairs. Effect of harvest cycle and spacing on productivity of black cottonwood in intensive culture. Ethnobotanical Application(s): Throughout history, black cottonwood has been valued as a commercially important tree. Last Saturday JT, Ethnobotany Guide Extraordinaire, lead us, ethnobots, on a foraging walkabout around the Seattle Jackson Place, Judkins Park and International District. The limbs bear alternate leaves which are simple, broadly ovate and 3â-5â long. It is known as a good light wood. Balsam is a term for various plant saps with a pleasing odor. The root systems help stabilize the soil, which is especially important for the restoration and conservation of riparian (river) areas they are commonly found growing in. Both Cottonwood Trees and Willow Trees produce their own rooting hormone, called auxin. Black Cottonwood USDA POBAT: Bella Coola Drug, Pulmonary Aid Infusion of buds and animal fat taken for whooping cough. Last measured in April, 2008, this black cottonwood was found to be standing at 155 ft (47 m) tall, 29 ft (8.8 m) around, with 527 points. The name of another New Mexican town, Alamogordo, means âthe fat cottonwood tree.â Economic uses of the black cottonwood include course lumber and the manufacture of wood products such as paper. Formerly: Populus balsamifera spp. The resin is used in medicine and perfume. Also like willows, leaf buds contain salicin which is a powerful anti-inflamatory and pain-reducer. WSDOT Ethnobotany and Cultural Resources M 3120.01 Page iii April 2016 Foreword Ethnobotany is the study of the relationship between cultures and plants. Balsamifera means balsam (aromatic resin)-bearing. This species is the tallest and largest of the three cottonwoods, and can reach up to 150 feet in height. Paddling into quiet Willamette River off-channel alcoves that are ringed with stately cottonwoods is like entering into an aquatic cathedral with â¦ Biomass production in a 4-year plantation. long; look for the pair of glands where the petiole joins the blade. Pojar, J and MacKinnon, A. Occasionally slightly lighter, with a dark brown or purplish hue. The bark is grey and covered with lenticels, becoming thick and deeply fissured on old trees. Notable feature: The winter buds are yellow-brown and very pointed. The flowers are grouped into catkins from 1½ to 3 inches long; the trees are dioecious, meaning that ‘male’ and ‘female’ flowers are borne on separate trees. trichocarpa temporarily flooded forest alliance, Populus balsamifera ssp. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 1 1: 1 18-1 23. , AND R. F. STETTLER. The leaf blades are oval to heart-shaped, with a point on the end; the petioles are 1-2 in. During spring and summer, the light green leaves of the tall trees often indicate a source of water in the deserts the Great Basin or Modoc Plateau. balsamifera. Black cottonwood’s have a high nitrate uptake making them useful tools for buffering agricultural areas. The trees are fast-growing taking 30-75 years to reach maturity. Mailstop Code: 1103 It is one of the largest of some 40 species of Populus and is the tallest, fastest-growing hardwood in the western United States. Willows The Willow Familyâ Salicaceae Salix sp. trichocarpa is a large cottonwood tree of the western United States. Photo by Charles Webber, California Academy of Science. 11. Related Species: White Poplar (Populus alba) Balsam Poplar (Populus balsamifera) Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides) Bigtooth Aspen (Populus grandidentata) Black Poplar (Populus nigra) European Aspen (Populus tremula) Quaking Aspen (Populus tremuloides) Related Articles: Although the flowers are inconspicuous,this species is well known for its fuzzy fruits, which during spring and early summer float down from the trees, creating the appearance of a light warm-season snowfall. Salicin which is a large cottonwood tree of the Pacific Northwest native deciduous tree belonging to the cottony seeds released... 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